- How to prepare for a recession?
- The first thing that we have to do is to keep a roof over our family's head. Since the risk of lay-offs drastically increases and we can lose our jobs any time we should first take care of our basic needs of food and shelter for the entire family. Most certified financial planners agree on the following steps:
- We should start putting cash into a reserve / emergency fund. Needless to say, we have to cut down on our expenditures. This does not necessarily imply being a miser but rather it implies being frugal.
- The fund should be equal to at least six months worth of living expenses.
- It should be kept in a savings account so that we can access it immediately in case of lay-offs i.e. keep the fund in liquid form and not CDs .
- "Will the economy turn around soon or sometime during our lifetime?"
- "Which sector or big companies will still be the backbone of the economy in a decade or perhaps when the economy turns around ?"
- Revisit our goals.
- Estimate / Realize our risk tolerance limits.
- Review and adjust our portfolio accordingly.
- Consider reviewing our insurances [life, health, auto, real-estate, other] since lay-offs might affect them.
- If we feel nothing is worth investing in during the times of recession we should hold on to our cash. There is an old saying "In a recession cash is king." But we must also retain a balance, so that we don't sell off our precious and valuable (in future) investments (just because their prices are falling) in a panic mode to get some cash.
- It is to be understood that although there might be severe problems during a recession it does offer opportunities to make some serious money if we can overcome our fears and worries. Most investors know that the economy will turn around (history repeats itself) and that all of us will be fine in the long run.
- But the (temporary) huge decline in stock prices paralyzes us with fear and often when we need to invest or stay put, we end up selling up our stocks!
- Also, there might be situations where we have identified profitable (future) sectors but we cannot invest in them due to lack of funds.
- What is a testament to Wall Street's stupidity is that during the times when these stocks fall the brokers recommend selling! The time to sell was before the stock price declined! If you believe that the United States economy will survive, then the short-term bumps in the road shouldn't matter in the slightest .
Personally we feel we have to remain calm and not act under the influence of fear. The figure above shows that recession does bring in a trough, which only implies that things can only improve from there onwards. We all know that the stock market takes turns in being bears and bulls. So if the bear is here the bull cannot be far behind. US has the advantages of a large human capital, well-developed capital markets, flexible labor markets, some of the best possible infrastructures in all sectors in the world and relatively positive demographic trends - with these strengths and a great positive outlook from Americans it would not be long before the US economy is up and firing on all cylinders.
We request our readers to leave comments on their opinions or ideas about tackling the issues/problems related to a recession. The experience of those who have already faced a recession will help us to learn the hands-on tricks of dealing with the tough times that lie ahead.